A European Model Spa
Františkovy Lázně is a planned ideal nineteenth century ‘new (spa) town’ on flat basin terrain in the ‘West Bohemian Spa Triangle’. It survives with exceptional integrity and authenticity and was built at the turn of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries on a 300m-square orthogonal grid centred on a polycentric and widespread thermal spring-field. Its harmonious architectonic look is founded on the Baroque principles of axiality and symmetry and is characterised by an inner and outer spa landscape with a triple belt of parks, in which twenty-four springs and their architecturally interesting pavilions are linked by long and level promenades. The property is surrounded by extensive forest and moorland that inspired it to become one of the earliest peat spas in the world. Its historic specialism in treating women’s illneses prompted ladies to visit without accompaniment by men, an emergent place of emancipation. Musical and literary works were created by composers and authors of international renown.