Garden Spa of Europe
Montecatini Terme, with its early distinguished role in the recognition of the medical properties of mineral water, is an important representation in a country rich in thermal springs. Attracting important intellectuals and artists, such as Verdi, Puccini and Leoncavallo, it also represents the last major materialisation of any ‘Great Spa’. An ambitious regeneration project transformed a late-eighteenth century ‘garden spa’ into a ‘landscape spa’. Monumental spa architecture, centred on four principal springs, is dotted jewel-like within an oasis of gardens, formal parkland and promenades. The image of greenery continues in a swathe of pine trees and terraced olive groves that, together with the historic funicular railway, ascend the steep mountainside crowned by Montecatini Alto - the focal point of the Viale Verdi, the central boulevard and main axis of the modern spa. With its eclectic and liberty spa architecture reinterpreted in Tuscan style, Montecatini Terme continues to serve as a centre for balneological treatment.